Maison des Esclaves (“Slave House”) on Gorée Island, Senegal.
Plans of a ship for transporting slaves, engraving, 1790.
Advertisement for the sale of African slaves.
PHILLIS WHEATLEY,engraving attributed to Scipio Moorhead, from the frontispiece of her 1773 book.
Sale of Estates, Pictures, and Slaves in the Rotunda, New Orleans, 1842. New Orleans was the site of the United States' most active slave market.
HARRIET TUBMAN,(far left) standing with a group of slaves whose escape she assisted.
African Americans collecting bones of soldiers, Cold Harbor, Virginia, photograph by John Reekie, April 1865.
CAKEWALK, engraving, 1892. The cakewalk was a couple dance that originated among black slaves in the United States.
Black sharecroppers picking cotton in Georgia, 1898; photograph by T.W. Ingersoll.
HOWARD UNIVERSITY law school graduates, c. 1900.
Students learning dressmaking at Hampton University (c. 1900), a historically black university that opened in 1868.
The cover of the first issue of The Crisis (1910), a magazine published by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
MA RAINEY (centre) and her band, 1923.
Cover of Opportunity: Journal of Negro Life (June 1925), a magazine associated with the Harlem Renaissance.
Dust jacket designed by the Mexican illustrator and writer Miguel Covarrubias for Langston Hughes's The Weary Blues (1926), a book of experimental poetry.
EUBIE BLAKE (left) and Noble Sissle, 1926.
The Duke Ellington band and the Cotton Club chorus line, 1929.
PAUL ROBESON (right) in the title role of Othello, with Peggy Ashcroft as Desdemona.
African American farmer using a mule-drawn cultivator during the Great Depression, photograph by Doris Ullman.
Aspects of Negro Life: The Negro in an African Setting, oil on canvas by Aaron Douglas, 1934.
JESSEN OWENS (centre) standing on the winners' podium after receiving the gold medal for the running broad jump (long jump) at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin.
JOE LOUIS and Max Schmeling at a photo session before their heavyweight world championship bout in 1938.
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., and other civil rights leaders of a municipal bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, riding an integrated bus, December 1956.
ROSA PARKS sitting on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, 1956.
SIDNEY POITIER (left) with Lilia Skala in Lilies of the Field, 1963.
Martin Luther King, Jr. (centre), and Malcolm X (right), 1964.
THE SUPREMES, 1965.
Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) raising his arms in triumph after his first-round knockout of Sonny Liston in 1965.
DALEY THOMPSON executing his long jump en route to successfully defending his Olympic decathlon title at the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles.
CARL LEWIS approaching his gold-medal-winning long jump at the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles.
JESSE JACKSON addressing the Democratic National Convention in Atlanta, Georgia, July 19, 1988.
WHOOPI GOLDBERG .
The San Antonio Spurs' Tim Duncan.
Barack Obama with (left to right) his daughters, Sasha and Malia, and his wife, Michelle, in Chicago's Grant Park on the night he became the first African American to win election to the U.S. presidency, 2008.
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